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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, or Michelangelo, was an Italian painter during the Renaissance. He was also a sculptor, poet, and engineer. He lived during the High Renaissance, in which extraordinary Italian artwork was produced. This period lasted approximately from 1490 to 1530. His art included elements of mannerism, in which artwork did not necessarily have a focal point, and people were occasionally depicted in distorted positions.  The colors of mannerist artwork sometimes clashed. Paintings usually were more restless than calm. He included references to religion and mythology in his art, as to give it deeper meaning. Michelangelo's sculptures showed human perfection, an idea contradictory to what people in the Middle Ages thought - human perfection is like comparing oneself to God and would be considered sinful. Michelangelo liked to challenge himself, whether by drawing people in poses that were hard to draw or by using mediums like marble. Later, artists would exaggerate his mannerist style to create more-than-human figures.